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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 60-63

Immature mediastinal teratoma mimicking as pulmonary stenosis – A rare presentation

Department of Cardiology, R.G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Shibsankar Sarkar
BE Block, Sector 1, Salt Lake, Kolkata - 700 064, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpcs.jpcs_82_22

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Anterior mediastinal teratoma can externally compress the pulmonary artery, which can present with symptoms of pulmonary stenosis rarely. We have reported a case of a 47-year-old male with immature mediastinal teratoma presenting as pulmonary stenosis. Initial physical examination revealed an ejection systolic murmur in the pulmonary area. With suspicion of valvular heart disease, the patient was referred to our cardiology department. Chest X-ray shows mass just above the left hilar zone. Two-dimensional echocardiography shows a mediastinal mass compressing the pulmonary trunk causing an obstruction. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of thorax and magnetic resonance study confirmed the mediastinal mass. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the mass suggestive of immature teratoma. The patient was transferred to the cardiothoracic vascular surgery department for further management. Mediastinal mass can mimic valvular heart disease with symptoms of cardiovascular pathology. Proper investigations for diagnostic clarity and prompt management are crucial in these conditions.

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