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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-29

Is there an association of intracardiac mass with high urate level? AIM-HUL study

1 Department of Cardiology, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Civil Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Mumbai Heart Clinic, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Research, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Civil Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kamal Sharma
Department of Cardiology, UNMICRC, Civil Hospital Campus, Asarwa, Ahmedabad - 380 016, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpcs.jpcs_3_19

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Context: Hyperuricemia is associated with idiopathic left atrium/left ventricular clot, and its association with other intracardiac tumors is not clear. Aim: The study aimed to establish if there is an association of intracardiac mass with high urate level. Settings and Design: This prospective study included 440 individuals, of which 330 were consecutive all comers with intracardiac mass detected on echocardiography from June 2016 to December 2017, who were compared with 110 randomly selected healthy controls undergoing echocardiography during the same without intracardiac mass in a ratio of 3:1. Materials and Methods: Imaging modalities such as transesophageal echocardiography, cardiac computerized tomography, and/or cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were done to analyze the intracardiac mass. Both the groups were analyzed for serum uric acid (SUA) levels at the time of detection of intracardiac mass. Statistical Analysis Used: Univariate analysis was done for continuous variables using Student's t-test, whereas the Chi-square test was used for the categorical data. Logistic regression analysis was performed with the presence of a mass with SUA as the dependent variable. Results: Among a total of 440 patients, 330 were cases and 110 were controls with the mean age of 47.52 ± 16.02 years (18–77 years) versus 45.23 ± 14.10 (18–73 years) years with male:female ratio of nearly 3:2 in both the groups. Mean SUA in cases was significantly higher than controls (7.60 ± 0.93 vs. 4.52 ± 1.20 mg%) (P < 0.001 with 7.6 [95% confidence interval (CI): 7.5–7.7] and 4.52 [95% CI: 4.3–4.74]) with linear logistic regression coefficient of 0.64. There was no significant difference in SUA levels among different types of intracardiac mass (P = 0.31). Conclusion: Hyperuricemia is associated with all comers of intracardiac mass with a regression coefficient of 0.64 irrespective of the nature of mass.

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