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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-27

Management of hypertension: Insights into prescribing behavior with focus on angiotensin receptor blockers

1 Department of Cardiology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Emcure Pharmaceuticals Limited, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Shahu Ingole
Emcure Pharmaceuticals Limited, Survey No. 255/2, Rajiv Gandhi IT Park, Hinjawadi, Phase 2, Pune - 411 057, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpcs.jpcs_7_17

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Introduction: Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are emerging as an attractive first choice antihypertensive as recommended by various guidelines. However, choice among the first-line antihypertensive classes and among ARBs differs between practicing physicians. Aims: This survey aimed to understand the usage preferences of ARBs and its place in for treating hypertension (HTN) among physicians from various clinical settings in India. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a prevalidated survey questionnaire consisting of 25 questions for HTN management. Practicing general physicians and cardiologists were approached for seeking their perception, opinions, and prescribing behavior. Results: Responses of 594 physicians and cardiologists were received. As opined by 90.1% of physicians, newly diagnosed HTN represented more than 10% of their overall patient load. As a monotherapy, 59.9% of the physicians preferred ARB as the first choice in newly diagnosed HTN patients, followed by calcium channel blocker (12.3%) and angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (8.1%). Of all ARBs, telmisartan is preferred by 73% of physicians. Most physicians prefer telmisartan among all ARBs for 24 h blood pressure (BP) control, including morning BP surge (76.4%) and for prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality (78.8%) followed by olmesartan and losartan. Predominantly, majority of physicians (89.1%) agreed for the beneficial role of telmisartan in preventing onset of microalbuminuria and nephropathy. Conclusion: Indian physicians prefer ARBs as the first choice in most hypertensive patients, which shows agreement with the guideline recommendations followed globally. Telmisartan has emerged as the most preferred ARB among all, for most of the HTN patients including those with comorbidities.

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