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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-40

The association between blood pressure control and well-being in primary care practice: An observational study

1 Department of Cardiology, PRS Hospital, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2 Department of Ageing and Health, Guy and St. Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, St. Thomas Hospital, London SE1 7NH, UK

Correspondence Address:
Nair Tiny
Department of Cardiology, PRS Hospital, Trivandrum, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2395-5414.182984

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Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of indapamide sustained release (SR) 1.5 mg in the treatment of hypertensive patients, untreated or uncontrolled on monotherapy with different antihypertensive agents, on blood pressure (BP) reduction and well-being. Patients and Methods: In a prospective multicenter study from 32 cities across India, 1545 patients between 40 and 70 years of age with untreated or uncontrolled hypertension (BP >140/90 mmHg) received indapamide SR 1.5 mg once daily as monotherapy, or in addition to the existing treatment for 90 days. The Nottingham general health questionnaire was used to assess the changes in well-being. Results: In 1545 hypertensive patients, with a mean (standard deviation) age of 56.86 years, 64.1% being men. Of those recruited, 29% were treatment naïve and 71% were receiving different antihypertensive medications. In terms of a sense of well-being, a lack of energy was reported in 56.6%, emotional problems in 61.6%, and disturbed sleep in 58.1% of the patients. On an intention to treat basis, 842 patients (54.5%; 95% confidence interval, 52.0–57.0) achieved BP control. The patients who achieved BP control (compared to those who did not) felt more energetic by 6.3% (8.2–4.3, P< 0.0001), emotionally better by 5% (6.3–3.6, P< 0.0001), and had improved sleep by 5.6% (7.4–4.1, P< 0.001). Conclusion: In hypertensive patients, untreated or uncontrolled on monotherapy with any of the major drug classes, the addition of indapamide SR 1.5 mg is effective in reducing BP and in improving their well-being.

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